Post Brain Injury



Brain injury, or brain damage as it is often referred, is the destruction of cells in the brain. It can occur due to a wide range of internal and external factors, including:

  • Road accidents
  • Strokes
  • Neurological disease
  • Respiratory failure
  • Assault

Effects of Brain Injury

The brain is involved in almost everything we do, therefore damage to it can have wide ranging effects. The effects vary from person to person, depending on the exact nature of the brain injury and its severity. This can include:

  • Physical effects, e.g. on movement, vision, touch or taste;
  • Cognitive effects, e.g. on thinking processes, such as memory and concentration;
  • Behavioural effects, e.g. self-control and motivation.

In most cases, individuals have to re-learn the skills they have lost as a result of their injury.  This is because brain injury can impact upon cognitive processing.

Types of Brain Injury

There is a wide variety of brain injury and it would not be possible to list all of them here. However, the following will give you an idea of how injury to the brain can impact upon a person:

Acquired Dyslexia (Alexia)
Alexia is acquired dyslexia. It refers to the loss of one or more areas of literacy (i.e. reading, writing, spelling) in an individual whose literacy skills were previously in tact. This condition may occur when an individual has suffered some damage to the left hemisphere of the brain, as a result of a head injury, a stroke, or a neurological impairment. However, it may occur even though it may not be possible to link it to a specific injury or abnormality in brain structure.

Acquired Dyspraxia (Apraxia)
Acquired dyspraxia is the partial loss of the ability to co-ordinate and perform certain purposeful movements and gestures, in the absence of motor or sensory impairments.  It occurs in individuals who have developed motor co-ordination skills in line with normal parameters and expectations.  The integrity of primary motor function is maintained, but people are unable to perform certain action sequences under particular conditions.  It may occur as the result of brain damage suffered from a stroke, head injury, or a neurological condition.  

Plus other memory-related conditions.

How is the Cognitive Impact of Brain Injury Assessed?

At Ability Smart, a suitably qualified and experienced assessor will conduct a range of services in order to inform the underlying effects caused by brain damage.  In particular, attention will be paid to the individual's comprehension abilities, visual and motor co-ordination, and memory.  The assessment is made up of the following:

  • Pre-assessment Questionnaire and Interview - to gain a detailed understanding of the adult's difficulties, and their medical and educational history;
  • Cognitive Functioning Assessment - to gain an overview of the adult's abilities such as phonology, memory, reasoning, and perception;
  • Reading, Writing and Spelling Analysis - to assess the impact on the adult's literacy attainment and to identify specific problem areas;
  • Visual Perception & Motor Co-ordination Assessment - to assess the extent to which the adult can integrate their visual and motor abilities.

For adults in the workplace, Ability Smart offers the following additional service:

  • Workplace Needs Assessment - to determine how the individual's brain injury affects them at work and to recommend strategies to address these issues.

Find out More!

Contact the team at Ability Smart to enquire about the services offered by clicking here.